The C++ programming language owns a fairly large user group. From the advent of C++98 to the official finalization of C++11, it has continued to stay relevant. C++14/17 is an important complement and optimization for C++11, and C++20 brings this language to the door of modernization. The extended features of all these new standards are integrated into the C++ language and infuse it with new vitality. C++ programmers who are still using traditional C++ (this book refers to C++98 and its previous standards as traditional C++) may even amazed by the fact that they are not using the same language while reading modern C++ code.

Modern C++ (this book refers to C++11/14/17/20) introduces many features into traditional C++ which bring the entire language to a new level of modernization. Modern C++ not only enhances the usability of the C++ language itself, but the modification of the auto keyword semantics gives us more confidence in manipulating extremely complex template types. At the same time, a lot of enhancements have been made to the language runtime. The emergence of Lambda expressions has given C++ the "closure" feature of "anonymous functions", which are in almost all modern programming languages ​​(such as Python, Swift, etc). It has become commonplace, and the emergence of rvalue references has solved the problem of temporary object efficiency that C++ has long been criticized for.

C++17 is the direction that has been promoted by the C++ community in the past three years. It also points out an important development direction of modern C++ programming. Although it does not appear as much as C++11, it contains a large number of small and beautiful languages ​​and features (such as structured binding), and the appearance of these features once again corrects our programming paradigm in C++.

Modern C++ also adds a lot of tools and methods to its standard library such as std::thread at the level of the language itself, which supports concurrent programming and no longer depends on the underlying system on different platforms. The API implements cross-platform support at the language level; std::regex provides full regular expression support and more. C++98 has been proven to be a very successful "paradigm", and the emergence of modern C++ further promotes this paradigm, making C++ a better language for system programming and library development. Concepts verify the compile-time of template parameters, further enhancing the usability of the language.

In conclusion, as an advocate and practitioner of C++, we always maintain an open mind to accept new things, and we can promote the development of C++ faster, making this old and novel language more vibrant.



The book claims "On the Fly". It intends to provide a comprehensive introduction to the relevant features regarding modern C++ (before the 2020s). Readers can choose interesting content according to the following table of contents to learn and quickly familiarize themselves with the new features that are available. Readers should aware that all of these features are not required. It should be learned when you need it.

At the same time, instead of grammar-only, the book introduces the historical background as simple as possible of its technical requirements, which provides great help in understanding why these features come out.

Also, the author would like to encourage that readers should be able to use modern C++ directly in their new projects and migrate their old projects to modern C++ gradually after reading the book.


Each chapter of this book has a lot of code. If you encounter problems when writing your own code with the introductory features of the book, you might as well read the source code attached to the book. You can find the book here. All the code is organized by chapter, the folder name is the chapter number.


There are few exercises At the end of each chapter of the book. It is for testing whether you can use the knowledge points in the current chapter. You can find the possible answer to the problem from here. The folder name is the chapter number.